Understanding Diabetes: Unveiling the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is a complex disorder related to metabolism. It affects millions of individuals worldwide. It occurs when we have high blood glucose levels. It can be because our body can not properly produce insulin, which manages the glucose level in our body. 

Sometimes, the body cannot produce enough insulin, or the insulin produced is not functioning correctly. 

This blog aims to differentiate between type 1 and type 2 diabetes in depth, discuss their unique characteristics and treatment options, and other management strategies, including an ideal diet plan. You can quickly consult a Nutrition doctor in Punjab for a customized treatment for Diabetes. 

Role of Dietician in Managing Diabetes 

Dieticians play a pivotal role in diabetes management by providing tailored nutritional guidance. They help individuals understand the impact of food choices on blood sugar levels, design personalized meal plans, and offer strategies for achieving balanced nutrition. 

Dieticians empower those with Diabetes to make informed decisions, promoting healthier lifestyles and effective blood sugar control. If you are looking for a good dietician regarding your diabetes issue, then you can find many Best Dietitian in Ludhiana. You will get personalized care for managing your blood sugar levels. 

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is often called juvenile Diabetes. In this condition, our body’s immune system attacks cells producing cells in the pancreas. The body lacks insulin.

This form of Diabetes occurs in childhood or early adulthood. It accounts for a smaller percentage of diabetes cases. It typically requires regular insulin injections to manage the blood glucose level. 

Causes and Risk Factors

We don’t know the exact cause of type 1 diabetes till now. But it is believed to result from genetic predisposition and environmental triggers. Viral infections and certain genetic factors may play a role in initiating the autoimmune response. 


Individuals with Type 1 diabetes often experience rapid onset symptoms, including:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination 
  • Unexplained weight loss 
  • Fatigue
  • Increased hunger

These symptoms result from high blood sugar levels, as the body cannot utilize glucose without sufficient insulin. 


You can visit the Best Dietitian in Ludhiana if you are experiencing these symptoms. Managing Type 1 diabetes requires a lifelong commitment to insulin therapy. Insulin is administered through injections or a pump to regulate blood sugar levels. 

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes causes insulin resistance; the body’s cells do not respond effectively to insulin. The insulin level in the body is increased consistently. This type of diabetes is linked to lifestyle factors and is more common in adults but can be seen in youth.

Causes and Risk Factors

The main risk factor includes obesity, inactive lifestyle, genetics, and age. It leads to insulin resistance, which is critical in developing this type of diabetes.


Symptoms mainly include:

  • Frequent urination 
  • Excessive thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Passing out

Type 2 diabetes develops gradually, and many people might not initially experience symptoms.


Management of Type 2 diabetes involves:

  • Lifestyle modification such as maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Adopting a balanced diet.
  • Engaging in regular physical activity. 

Medications, including oral drugs and, in some cases, insulin therapy, can be prescribed. 

Diabetes and weight issues

Diabetes and weight gain are often interlinked, particularly in Type 2. Excessive body weight can contribute to insulin resistance, aggravating blood sugar control. Managing weight through a balanced diet and regular physical activity is crucial in preventing and controlling Diabetes and reducing the risk of complications. Dietitians for weight loss in Ludhiana are experts in assisting their patients with a customized meal plan for managing weight for Diabetes.

Diet for Managing Diabetes

If you are looking to manage your Diabetes through dieting, your meals must have the followings:

  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Starchy food
  • Protein
  • Dairy
  • Sugar, salt, and high-fat food must be in limited quantity.


Effective diabetes management requires a carefully managed diet plan. Dieticians at Ruhin Nutrition Consultancy can provide adequate guidance for holistic dieting for managing Diabetes.

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